The Roman Empire, which took several hundred years to build, finally fell when Germanic conquerors and other non-Roman dwellers in the second half of the fourth century AD invaded what later, in the Early Medieval Period, became known as the Holy Roman Empire.

In late AD300, the Goths and their allies, taking flight from the Huns, exposed the existing Roman system, leading to its destruction. Barbarian kingdoms later ruled in several parts of the Western Empire. These events – and others ...

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