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Three years after the United States bailed out its automotive industry, one automaker still owes American taxpayers $5.9 billion and it’s not GM or Chrysler, which together were bailed out to the tune of $64 billion.

With the race for The White House now in full swing, the two presidential candidates have put the auto industry bailouts back in the public spotlight.

In this article, Forbes explains how some of the government’s largest auto industry investments turned out.